Journal of Defense Resources Management
JoDRM Volume 8, Issue no. 2 (15), October 2017

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CONTENTS
I. ARTICLES
THE DESIGN OF A DIDACTIC GAME (CIP-v.01-THD) FOR CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECURITY MANAGEMENT

Dorel BADEA*
Cezar VASILESCU**
Marian COMAN*

*”Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, România
**Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Braşov, România
Abstract
The motivation of addressing such a topic has as argument to ensure, educationally speaking, the best connection to the real aspects of critical infrastructure issues. We considered that there are postgraduate training programs at national level, which must implement case studies, in view of achieving the purposes resulting from the curriculum, as close to reality, by replicating some sensitive aspects of the relevant decision, which meet the training needs of students, in accordance with occupational standards. Being a complex area, the challenge is to best select the most relevant aspects to be played in terms of teaching, in a manner benefi cial to the fi nality of integrating the system, technical and operational perspectives.
Key words
critical infrastructure, security, education, game
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 5-13.
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FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF NAVAL BASE RELOCATION USING SWOT AND AHP METHOD TO SUPPORT MAIN DUTIES OPERATION

Putu YOGI*
Okta RIZAL*
AHMADI*
Okol S. SUHARYO*

*Indonesian Naval Technology College, STTAL, Bumimoro-Morokrembangan, Surabaya 60187, Indonesia
Abstract
Naval Base as part of Integrated Fleet Weapon System has an important role in maintaining the strategic environment in the region of Indonesia. Naval Base with a strategic location will support Indonesian Navy’s main duty to carry out the administrative and logistical support. Due to the limitation of Naval Base’s condition, feasibility study will be required to relocate the Naval Base. In this feasibility study, a combination of methods between SWOT analysis and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used. The results of the Internal Factors Evaluation (IFE) Matrix Analysis is 4.72 and External Factors Evaluation (EFE) Matrix Analysis is 2.91. In general, the balance of power between the IFE Matrix and EFE Matrix is located in Quadrants I and thus, the Aggressive Strategy is supported. While the Matrix Analysis’ result of Internal - External (IE) showed that the score of IFE and EFE located in Quadrant II and VII.
Key words
Feasibility Study, Naval Base, SWOT, AHP
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 14-30
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DIVERGENT OR CONVERGENT TRENDS IN PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION IN SLOVENIA?

Maja GARB

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Abstract
There is a decade long discussion about the professional military education in Slovenia. The country has developed its own military force after the independence in 1991. Since the lack of the professional offi cers corps there was a decision adopted to have a convergent system of staffi ng the military with the offi cers. The future offi cers have to obtain high school or university degree at civilian education institutions, after that they get the military training and education provided by the Slovenian Armed Forces. However, there have been some insuffi ciencies in the system and therefore the ideas how to change the system of professional military education in Slovenia have been constantly raised. There are several questions on military education in Slovenia that are presented and discussed in the paper in the framework of divergence and convergence of the military and its parent society.
Key words
professional military education, military education, offi cer school, divergence and convergence, Slovenian Armed Forces
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 31-41
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PERCEPTION OF ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE BY PROFESSIONAL SOLDIERS SERVING IN THE ARMED FORCES OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Viera FRIANOVÁ
Armed Forces Academy of General M. R. Štefánik, Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovak Republic
Abstract
Quality of life is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life. It has a wide range of contexts, including the fi elds of international development, healthcare, politics and employment. Quality of life observes life satisfaction, including everything from physical health, family, education, wealth, religious beliefs, the environment, to employment and fi nance. This article deals with the issue of quality of life of professional soldiers serving in the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic. The quality of life of professional soldiers is greatly affected by the peculiarities of military service, specifi c features of military organizations and the society as well. This article author’s attention is focused mainly on economic aspects of the issue. Presented fi ndings and formulated conclusions are based on the available results of an empirical survey of the issue, which included a survey conducted by written interview using the questionnaire method. Based on the survey results the author identifi es several key issues and makes recommendations, which could contribute to their solution in the future.
Key words
quality of life, armed forces, income, consumption, savings, survey
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 42-49
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BUILDING UP STATE STRATEGIC RESISTANCE AGAINST HYBRID THREATS

Mirosław BANASIK
COL. ret., Associate Professor, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland
Abstract
Hybrid warfare, conducted in Ukraine since 2014, has become a new geopolitical phenomenon which threatens the Euro-Atlantic security that appeared after the collapse of the bipolar world. The paper discusses how the Russian Federation takes advantage of hybrid warfare to achieve its political objectives and to further its own interests. The paper also contains an assessment of the threat of hybrid warfare in Poland and determines what undertakings are necessary to effectively counter threats coming from Russia.
Key words
hybrid war, hybrid threats, contemporary military confl icts, resilience
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 50-63
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NATO RESILIENCE STRATEGY TOWARDS RUSSIAN HYBRID WARFARE

Liliana FILIP
National University of Political Science and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
Faced with the greatest security challenges of this generation, the Nord Atlantic Alliance is currently implementing the most signifi cant strategy for strengthening its collective defense capabilities since the end of the Cold War. While the public attention has focused on NATO’s military adaptation, the concerted efforts to strengthen the Alliance’s ability to withstand and recover from a military attack, have so far been less visible. However, this is changing. At the 2016 Alliance high level meeting in Warsaw, NATO leaders agreed on an unprecedented commitment to “increase resilience”. The 28 Allies work urgently to put this commitment into practice. But how to understand this NATO resilience?
Key words
resilience, hybrid warfare, cyber space, emerging threats, civil preparedness, civil-military readiness
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 64-71
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ALGORITHM FOR MILITARY AUTOMOBILE CARGO TRANSPORTATION PLANNING AND ITS MATHEMATICAL MODEL

Talibov Aziz MASHALLA
Colonel, PhD., Associate Professor, Military Academy of Armed Forces, Ministry of Defense, Baku, Azerbaijan
Abstract
In the article, with the aim of technical supply of military facilities, the algorithm and the mathematical model of automobile cargo transportation planning and the method for the evaluation of effectiveness are introduced
Key words
military automobile cargo transportations, method of effectiveness, effectiveness indicators, method of evaluation, planning algorithm, mathematical model
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 72-80
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GIS TECHNOLOGY AND TERRAIN ORTHOPHOTOMAP MAKING FOR MILITARY APPLICATION

Elshan HASHIMOV*
A.A. BAYRAMOV*
B.M. CHALILOV**

*Professor, PhD, Military Academy of Armed Forces,
Ministry of Defense, Baku, Azerbaijan
**Photogrammetry engineer, “Rubikon Geosystems” LLC,
Baku, Azerbaijan
Abstract
In this paper, it is shown that GIS and photogrammetry technologiyes, determination of searching target coordinates for the operational desicion making are very important for the military application, for the combat control. With aim of orthophotomap making of the terrain and identifi cation of terrain supervision there has been constructed 3D model for choosen mountainous terrain of Azerbaijan Republic using GIS technology. Based on this model there has been obtained a terrain profi le and carried out mapping. Using ArcGis software there has been investigated possibility remain control on obserbvable and unobservable parties of terrain on supervision line from supervision point to target point.
Key words
GİS, photogrammetry, orthophotomap, terrasın, unobservable object, geospatial technology
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 81-90
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AUTOMATING THE DATA SECURITY PROCESS

Florin OGÎGĂU-NEAMŢIU

Head of IT Office, Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Braşov, România
Abstract
Contemporary organizations face big data security challenges in the cyber environment due to modern threats and actual business working model which relies heavily on collaboration, data sharing, tool integration, increased mobility, etc. The nowadays data classifi cation and data obfuscation selection processes (encryption, masking or tokenization) suffer because of the human implication in the process. Organizations need to shirk data security domain by classifying information based on its importance, conduct risk assessment plans and use the most cost effective data obfuscation technique. The paper proposes a new model for data protection by using automated machine decision making procedures to classify data and to select the appropriate data obfuscation technique. The proposed system uses natural language processing capabilities to analyze input data and to select the best course of action. The system has capabilities to learn from previous experiences thus improving itself and reducing the risk of wrong data classifi cation
Key words
data, obfuscation, encryption, automatization, machine learning, natural language processing
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 91-100
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THE UNITED RESCUE SYSTEM IN BULGARIA. CURRENT RESOURCE RELATED ISSUES AND PROSPECTIVE SOLUTIONS

Daniela BALEVA

Military Academy “G. S. Rakovski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
Abstract
The article presents some problems related to securing the Bulgarian system for disaster management with the necessary resources for its proper functioning. The main challenges for the united rescue system in the country are analyzed, including those related to ensuring the system with the necessary material, fi nancial and human resources. Some possibilities for solving these problems with the use of funds from the European Union are presented.
Key words
resources, disaster management, united rescue system, Bulgaria.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 101-107
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THE EVOLUTION OF THE MAIN MILITARY STATISTICAL INDICATORS IN ROMANIA (2004-2015)

Cristina ANTONOAIE

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Braşov, România
Abstract
In this paper we analyzed the evolution of the main military statistical indicators in Romania from 2004 until 2015 as provided by the World Bank: Armed forces personnel (total), Armed forces personnel (% of total labor force), Military expenditure (% of central government expenditure), Military expenditure (% of GDP), Military expenditure (current LCU).
Key words
dynamic indices, changing rates of dynamic rhythms, average of dynamic indices, average rhythm of changing, increase, decrease, armed forces, military expenditure.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 108-113
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ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE DIMENSIONS AND VARIABLES

Brînduşa Maria POPA

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Braşov, România
Abstract
There are numerous defi nitions of the concept in the specialized literature and the majority present organizational culture as a system of values, norms, rules, beliefs, habits learned and internalized by the organization members and embodied in their behaviors. Such defi nitions highlight the fact that organizational culture is a system of values, norms, customs and beliefs shared and assimilated by the entire membership of the organization in order to transform them into inherent characteristics of their behavior. The newly acquired behavior will be promoted, defended and developed throughout their work. Even if organizational culture is built upon such a strict, rigid, formal institutional support, it evolves and develops in order to help the organization adapt and perform effi ciently. In order to have an easier understanding of the concept, in this paper we shall use for our analysis the following dimensions: cognitive, normative, human and material.
Key words
culture, dimensions, variables, indicators, strategies, goals, objective, change
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 114-120
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AMERICAN EXCEPTIONALISM

Oana-Andreea PIRNUŢĂ

Transilvania University, Braşov, România
Abstract
In an interconnected world where foreign relations matter not only for resources or military alliances but also for cultural relationships, it is highly important to have a better understanding of the power relations among nations. The information carries certain meanings that have important outcomes thus defi ning the power of a given nation. Foreign policy is the channel through which global politics is exercised. International politics is a hierarchy of power being determined by important cultural, economic as well as geographical aspects. The reasons and strategies that are used in order to reach the outcomes in global politics represent the focus of the present paper. The United States has been the leader in international politics since the early 20th century due to its vast resources and wealth as well as its cultural output. America’s interest in preserving a democratic and free world has its foundation in the beliefs and values it stands for the aim of this paper is to question whether or not there is a concrete premise for the idea of American exceptionalism.
Key words
foreign policy, the United States of America, exceptionalism, power, culture, politics, global, relations.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 121-128
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INFLUENCE OF SHIRVANSHAH STATE ON NAVAL AFFAIRS IN AZERBAIJAN

Nurulla ALIEV

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Navy Captain, Professor of military history, Military Academy of Armed Forces, Ministry of Defense,
Baku, Azerbaijan
Abstract
The historic destinies of Azerbaijan are mostly bound up with the Caspian Sea. Already in XII Century State of Shirvanshah established naval fl eet in the Caspian Sea in order to defend country from the sea. The component part of Armed Forces – Fleet took an active part in repulsing attacks to the country from the sea though in X – XII centuries the fl eet consisted of several scores of ships. It had been investigated that the most striking trace in the history of Naval Affairs in Azerbaijan was left in 1175 when pirates tried to invade Shirvan from the river Volga. Also conceptions of different historians concerning the fi rst information about the Caspian Sea, as well as the people inhabited the coastal area of this sea appear in this article.
Key words
defensive system, naval affairs.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 129-141
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ALI-AGHA SHIKHLINSKI. PROFILE OF AN OPERATIONAL THINKER AND PRACTITIONER

Mehman SULEYMANOV
Zakir MUFTIYEV
Sadi SADIYEV

War College of Armed Forces, Republic of Azerbaijan
Abstract
The paper outlines the profi le of a a great operational thinker and practitioner, the three star general of artillery Ali-Agha Shikhlinski’s. His military carrier, his inventions, operational thinking, and his targeteering approach to warfare are studied. His two key methods of artillery fi ring, which were great inventions for his time, are also explained.
Key words
Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, artillery, shell, cannon, war, commander, thinker, practitioner.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 8:2(2017): 142-149
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