JoDRM Volume 10, Issue no. 1 (18), April 2019

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CONTENTS
I. ARTICLES



CULTURAL DIALOGUE IN THE POST-COLD WAR ERA: POWER AND THE STRATEGIC DISCOURSE

Oana-Andreea GHITA-PIRNUTA*,

*Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The present paper aims at analyzing the cultural dialogue in the post- Cold War era, the Cold War being perceived as a security dilemma. The study makes a clear-cut distinction between the political differences regarding the United States of America and Russia laying emphasis upon concepts, such as: security and risk. This work tries to highlight if the cultural dialogue between the United States and Russia is a failure or a success. Another important issue is diplomacy related to the Soviet ideology and the American response. The concept of power is of paramount importance being viewed as a cultural device in the post-Cold War era. Politics is presented as an instrument of power. Both the United States and Russia fought to be the most powerful nations having the power to rule the world.
Key words
culture, dialogue, power, strategy, post-cold war
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 5-24.
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USING CULTURAL PRAGMATIC SCHEMAS IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS

Hussain Al Sharoufi*,

* Gulf University for Science and Technology, Kuwait
Abstract
This study investigates the usefulness of using cultural pragmatic schemas in improving Arab students’ communicative skills. Linguistic behavior is reflected through repetitive patterns of highly organized cultural repertoires. To better understand the relationship between such repertoires and actual language used by interlocutors, Sharifian suggested a new framework for studying cultural pragmatic schema. A group of Gulf University for Science and Technology students in Kuwait was given sets of specific speech acts and were asked to apply them in pertinent contexts. Having discerned the synergy between speech acts, as action verbs, pragmemes, as contextualized speech acts, and practs, as concrete manifestations of such acts, students have become more aware of the use and effectiveness of pragmatic schemas. They have become more confident in using pragmatic schemas in achieving their communicative goals. There is a great amount of cultural knowledge that is deliberately ignored in the English classroom because of prioritizing monolingualism. This erroneous technique erodes time and effort in the process of teaching and learning English as a foreign language. Making use of cultural pragmatic schema would give students a better opportunity to compare cultural strategies in manifesting a particular linguistic structure. As David Crystal emphasizes Pragmatics is the study of language from the point of view of users, especially of the choices they make, the constraints they encounter in using language in social interaction and the effects their use of language has on other participants in the act of communication. Such a stance clearly means that teaching cultural pragmatic strategies in L1 would buttress and improve the teaching and learning of L2. Non-native English students need to know how to opt for the right word, phrase, and structure when speak in English. They need to understand the rationale behind selecting a particular linguistic structure rather than another. Using one’s cultural repertoires would help one anchor appropriate meanings and as such appropriate structures in the appropriate context of situation. The conceptual knowledge that students bring to the ELT classes may best be viewed as assets and resources that could be drawn upon in developing metacultural competence in learners. This knowledge should be given to learners at an appropriate stage where they can perceive the difference between the two cultural systems. I asked a group of 30 Kuwaiti students at the Gulf University for Science and Technology in Kuwait to provide sets of culturally accepted sayings and to engage in conversations, in which situated speech acts, pragmemes, play an important role in manifesting action in conversations using the Kuwaiti dialect. Introducing students to several cultural schemas and letting them compare those ones with their English counterparts, if any, helped them understand the difference in cultural repertoires in both Arabic and English.
Key words
Cultural Schemas, Pragmatic schemas, Pragmemes, Practs, Allopracts
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 25-40.
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INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL - KEY FACTOR IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT

Lidia-Marinela BĂCILĂ*,

*”Lucian Blaga” University, Sibiu, Romania
Abstract
Intellectual Capital (IC) is an important component of an organization's capital, being the primary resource of development and also of value creation in almost all sectors of economic life. In order to be used and explored with maximum efficiency, intellectual capital must be an integral part of the organization's strategic development plan. In the literature, the concept of intellectual capital was accepted, in fact designating the triumph of economic reasons. The emergence and development of this concept increasingly emphasizes the correlation with the technological progress and the continuous development. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the value and importance of intellectual capital - competitive advantage in any organization.
Key words
intellectual capital, organization, organization development, human resource
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 41-50.
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ASPECTS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN LEARNING ORGANIZATIONS

Elisabeta-Emilia HALMAGHI*
Mihai-Marcel NEAG, PhD*
,

*”Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, Romania
Abstract
The world is constantly changing, and it seems that in the day-to-day life of organizations, uncertainty is increasingly encountered. From this perspective, the traditional problem-solving approach (which reduces the world and its challenges only to solvable and manageable problems) has become ineffective. Consequently, it is evident that leaders, managers and practitioners cannot address sustainable development as a problem that needs to be solved and managed in a simplistic way. It needs to go from „doing things better” (as in the traditional problem-solving approach) to „doing better things”. This change requires the adoption of objectives that help the organization to develop sustainably. Sustainability competence includes the capabilities and qualities that individuals, teams, and organizations need to have in order to effectively address the organization’s internal and external sustainability challenges.
Key words
sustainable development, learning organization, human resource
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 51-57.
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BORDER GUARDS’ TRAINING IN UKRAINE AND INDIA

Nataliya BHINDER*

*Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
Abstract
An increase in threats to Ukraine’s security has been observed since 2014 and that fact shows the significant role of border agency and professionalism of border guards to ensure security for further economic and socio-political development. This raises the issue of improvement of border guards’ training in Ukraine. The priority national interest of Ukraine in the sphere of foreign policy and military development is to deepen the strategic partnership between Ukraine and NATO. But it is important to research the experience of countries facing similar security threats, including border threats and having common issues in the sphere of economics belong to the group of developing countries. The task is to investigate positive foreign experience of border guards’ training and elaborate recommendations for creative and partial implementation some aspects in Ukraine.
Key words
border guards, security threats, border agency, professional training, higher military educational establishment, professional competence
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 58-79.
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MANAGEMENT OF RISK IN DELIVERING COMPLEX RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

Badr ALSHEHHI,
Dr. David THORPE,
Dr. Steven GOH,
Dr. Sultan ALKAABI*

*University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD, Australia
w0061492@umail.usq.edu.au
Abstract
Risk management continues to be a major feature of the project management of large construction, engineering, technological, and research and development projects in an attempt to reduce uncertainties and to achieve project success. There are uncertainties and risks at every stage of R&D projects through the product lifecycle. Therefore, management of the risks is an important challenge for the R&D project managers, and the close linking of project risk management with the success of the project is acknowledged across the world. Thus, the focus of this study is on the management of risk in delivering complex research and development projects within the United Arab Emirates Armed Forces. Even though the management of risks related to the military environments has been studied for several years, studies on the risks pertaining to research and development of the military environments are still comparatively low and almost negligible in the UAE. This gives value to such type of study for filling in the literature. This chapter discuss the theoretical background of the subject at hand. It highlights the perspective of project management and risk management, in addition to reviews of the related literature.
Key words
Armed Forces, R&D, Complex Project, Risk Management
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 80-93.
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THE EVOLUTION OF NATO’S CYBER SECURITY POLICY AND FUTURE PROSPECTS

Arif Hasan HASANOV *
Khayal Ibrahim ISKANDAROV *
Sadi Saleh SADIYEV *

*War College of the Armed Forces, Republic of Azerbaijan
Abstract
While the future landscape of cyberspace is becoming quite complicated, NATO must define the potential threats and adapt its strategy to these challenges. In order to form an effective cyber security strategy, a significant number of challenges need to be taken into account for the foreseeable future. Apart from its member states NATO needs to cooperate with significant number of partner nations in order to establish an effective response mechanism against potential cyber threats for maintaining a safe, secure and resilient cyberspace. The paper focuses on the reasons that necessitated the formulation of NATO's cyber security strategy. The evolution of NATO’s cyber security policy has been delineated, various aspects of the latest strategy to prevent emerging cyber threats in the modern era and the prospects for partner countries have been examined, the proposals have been put forward to improve the cyber capabilities of Azerbaiajn Republic in cooperation with NATO. The paper seeks the best crisis response strategy which most effectively integrates the respective strengths and capabilities of both member and partner nations. Through only this strategy greater resilience when dealing with threats can be achieved.
Key words
cyber security, cyber defence, cyber threat, cyberspace, cooperation
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 94-106.
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CONSIDERATION OF THE COURSES OF ACTION BY THE SIMULATION METHOD IN THE LAND FORCES OF THE POLISH ARMED FORCES

Lt. Col. Dariusz Szkołuda, PhD Eng.*
Col. Marek Strzoda, PhD Eng.*

*War Studies University – Warsaw, Poland
Abstract
While the future landscape of cyberspace is becoming quite complicated, NATO must define the potential threats and adapt its strategy to these challenges. In order to form an effective cyber security strategy, a significant number of challenges need to be taken into account for the foreseeable future. Apart from its member states NATO needs to cooperate with significant number of partner nations in order to establish an effective response mechanism against potential cyber threats for maintaining a safe, secure and resilient cyberspace. The paper focuses on the reasons that necessitated the formulation of NATO's cyber security strategy. The evolution of NATO’s cyber security policy has been delineated, various aspects of the latest strategy to prevent emerging cyber threats in the modern era and the prospects for partner countries have been examined, the proposals have been put forward to improve the cyber capabilities of Azerbaiajn Republic in cooperation with NATO. The paper seeks the best crisis response strategy which most effectively integrates the respective strengths and capabilities of both member and partner nations. Through only this strategy greater resilience when dealing with threats can be achieved.
Key words
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 107-120.
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THE FACTORS OF ENEMY DESTRUCTION FIRE IN THE SINGLE INFORMATION SPACE DURING COMBAT OPERATIONS

Telman MIKAYILOV*,
Azad BAYRAMOV**

*Ministry of Defense, Azerbaijan Republic
**Armed Forces War College, Azerbaijan Republic
Abstract
During military operations in the single information space of various combat power and military units the capacity, context and succession of the tasks determine changes in form, method and rules of enemy destruction fire. In the paper, these changes are shown and in consideration of these the analysis of main destruction fire factors has been carried out. Taking into account of contactless combat activity in the single information space the recommendations for enemy group’s fire destructions have been offered.
Key words
destruction fire, contactless combat activity, single information space, effectivity assessment, high-precision fire attack
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 121-130.
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ASPECTS REGARDING THE USE OF UAV IN INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS RECONNAISSANCE AND SURVEILLANCE

Grițco Vitalie*

*“Henry Coandă” Air Force Academy, Brașov, Romania
Abstract
This article presents the evolution of the instruments and means used in reconnaissance and surveillance, with the purpose of delivering the information needed for planning the military operations. Acquirement of the information was and still is the most decisive element of the war. Demonstrating the differences and the similarities between the units (human and UAV) involved in reconnaissance and surveillance, will be done by filtering them through the functional model of Gerbner. In that purpose, we underline the differences between the information acquired due to this model of the communication theory. In this paper a connection will be created between the information provided by both subjects using content and a unique form that is easy to use by leader/commander.
Key words
information, research, surveillance, time, operation, decision, UAV, selection, Network centric warfare, commander.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 131-141.
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GLOBAL SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND THE FORECAST OF THE FUTURE

Agshin BABAYEV *

* Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Abstract
Starting from the creation of our humanity till the present day the world order has changed dramatically. The world transformation starting from individual groups, tribes, kingdoms, countries, empires, colonies, federations, republics, and in order to become the state (the biggest unification which the people found) lasted many centuries. Each and every century put irremovable mark to our soil which was a trigger for further movement and generates our future. All of this systematic and coherence movements converted the earth to one asymmetric global system in which we are living now. This existing system has boundaries, member groups, rules of legitimation and this system is very large, complex and interdependent. Nowadays the security is also globalized. The security question of risk and threat change his way from symmetric to asymmetric. This uncertain environment together with current problems make the nations produce their National Security Strategy documents where the political, economic, military, social, and cultural decisions and ways which should be referred against all unexpected dangers. Basically, in this regards the developed countries in the world, first of all eliminated the borders between the states, thinking that this would help them to travel easily from one country to another, but doing that they could not endure the outside aggressions. As a result threat and risk start to escalate and to stop this escalation they decide to cooperate in a groups and organizations like (NATO, EU, UN and African Union) in a dissimilar coalitions and allied groups (with global powers such as USA, China and Russia or as a regional powers such as Japan, India, Brazil and Turkey) and modify them to make a power balance towards to multipolar world. Taking all these features into account the globalization was defined in the paper, the current global trend was delineated, global economic and energy politics have been constructed, ethnical rivalries and religious threats, as well as terrorism and environmental threats have been specified and the future has been endeavored to forecast.
Key words
globalization, global trend, global hegemony, global powers, global politics.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 142-151.
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CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE MODERN MANAGERIAL METHODS AND TECHNIQUES USED AT THE LEVEL OF THE ORGANIZATION

George BUCĂŢA*,
Marius Alexandru RIZESCU**

* “Lucian Blaga” University, Sibiu, Romania,
** “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, Romania
Abstract
In the life of any organization we can meet two kinds of processes: execution and management. Unlike the process of implementation, in which the labor force act on economic objects through the means of work, managerial process is defined mainly by the fact that part of the work force is acting upon the other party a majority in order to lure in organized manner to the achievement of the objectives. In connection with this, the process appears to us as a managerial overview of interventions through which the manager provides, organizes, coordinates, and controls the decisions of his employees, for the attainment of unity in terms of economic profitability and social utility.
Key words
managerial methods, managerial techniques, organizational management.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 10:1(2019): 152-162.
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