Journal of Defense Resources Management
JoDRM Volume 9, Issue no. 1 (16), April 2018

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CONTENTS
I. ARTICLES
COMMAND AND CONTROL STRATEGIES IN A BROADER HIBRYD COMBAT ENVIRONMENT

Cezar VASILESCU

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Braşov, România
Abstract
The main goal of this paper is to analyze the new theoretical concepts that provide a vision regarding the future armed conflicts, determined by the technological advance and the increased dynamics of the information flows between different levels of authority within modern societies. The paper starts with an analysis of today’s international environment (characterized by the existence of competing cultural contexts and political opinions which generate frictions, crisis and eventually military conflict), followed by a comprehensive plea regarding the necessity of changing the current military operating concepts. Finally there are presented two solutions that address the desired conceptual change, which fit the uncertainty of future conflicts: the “Army Operating Concept” developed by the US Army Training and Doctrine Command, and “Future Operating Environment 2035”, developed by the UK Concepts and Doctrine Centre's (DCDC).
Key words
future armed conflicts, hybrid warfare, military operating concepts
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 5-11.
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HYBRID WARFARE AND THE EFFICIENT LINES OF EFFORT IN THIS TYPE OF CONFLICT

Constantin NICOLAESCU

ROUSOF, Tîrgu Mureș, Romania
Abstract
In the context of the security environment and the conflicts approach methods, the early study of these techniques and procedures used by the aggressor in the hybrid conflict appears to be a necessity that cannot be ignored. It looks like, using a not that profound analysis method on those hybrid conflict lines of efforts, we came up with the conclusion that this conflict is a living organism, which continuously affects the victim and, even if at the beginning needs various and consistent types of resources, it become a symbiotic one that feeds on the victim’s vital resources. It has limitations, which in general consist of the maturity of the society and the democracy on which the aggressor concentrated his efforts. In the proximity of the Romanian territory the most evident victim of the hybrid conflict is the Republic of Moldova, but the similarities of the analysis results with the actual situation of our own state cannot be ignored.
Key words
hybrid, Moldova, Transnistria, intimidation, Russia, buffer zone
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 12-20
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DETERMINATION OF LANDING BEACH LOCATION FOR AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS ON THE WEST PAPUA SEA WITH ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP): CASE STUDY ON SORONG REGENCY

Budi Setiarso*
Okol S. Suharyo*
A. K. Susilo*

*Indonesia Naval Technology College, Morokrembangan, Surabaya 60187, Indonesia
Abstract
Determination of landing beach is the most important power of the Indonesian Marines Corps in carrying out amphibious operations. Prerequisites for determination of landing beach must conform to predefined parameters and functions. The aim of this paper is to determine the most feasible landing beach for amphibious operation in Sorong Regency by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The research stages are starting from the determination of the weight value of the selection criteria and the weight value of landing beach alternative. It results from pairwise comparison analysis in the framework of AHP. The selection of landing beach that has objective values in accordance with the data can assist a decision makers to solve a multi-criteria problem in amphibious operations. The result of this paper can be seen as the second beach with a value of weight of 0.639 was chosen to be the most appropriate beach location for amphibious landing operations. While for the second order is the first beach with a weight value of 0.259 and the third beach with a weight of 0.101.
Key words
Amphibious Operations, Landing beach, AHP method
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 21-34
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A NEW APPROACH TO BUILDING AND DEVELOPING DEFENSE CAPABILITY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

Valeri Ivanov, Ilian Sotirov*
* Rakovski National Defense College, Sofia, Republic of Bulgaria
Abstract
The purpose of the article is to elaborate on the existing theory and practice about Defense Capabilities of the Republic of Bulgaria. Furthermore, by applying the systematic approach, it tries to propose a new method for building the National Defense Capability in order to achieve integrity. As a result, new conditions are established that contribute to the national defense system management; they are to be considered in a systematic context, and thus, social relations are placed at a new conceptual level.
Key words
national security, defense system, governance, defense capabilities
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 35-44
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HOW TO INCREASE THE INFORMATION ASSURANCE IN THE INFORMATION AGE

LTC Artur SOSIN
Ministry of Defence/Republic of Moldova
Abstract
The competitive world we live in today is characterized by an environment where the advancement of technology has increased the number of complex vulnerabilities and sophisticated attacks. Organizations around the globe are facing now the same challenges of implementing data protection and securing information assurance. The purpose of this paper is to prove that Information Assurance has become one of the most important tools in creating and maintaining a competitive advantage in today’s competitive and global marketplace. This paper also presents the relationship between information assurance and cybersecurity, and their connection with confidentiality, integrity, availability (CIA) triad. Furthermore, assuring information and providing security is a life cycle process which needs a comprehensive understanding, skills, and experience in order to protect today’s risk management challenges. The author concludes the paper with the importance of information assurance policies which are the fundamental guidelines for protecting information assets and fulfilling information assurance objectives of an organization.
Key words
Information Assurance, Cybersecurity, Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability, Risk Management, Policies
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 45-57
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FAILING EUROPE? THE PRESENT REALITY.

prof. eng. Milan SOPÓCI, PhD*
prof. eng. Martin PETRUF, PhD*
*Academy of Business in Dabrowa Górnicza
Abstract
The article is concerned with the performance of the European security strategy and differentiated views of individual areas of assessment. The table contains comparison of unfair assessment by Brussels and the real situation. In conclusion, the author claims that the contents clearly indicate that the European Union is failing in the area of security.
Key words
security, strategy, migration, terrorism, globalisation
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 58-63
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EURASIA AND FUTURE GEO - STRATEGIC CALCULUS

Rana Faisal RAFIQ
Pakistan Army
Abstract
Eurasia is the vast landmass composed of two of the seven traditionally known Continents – Europe and Asia. Europe and Asia, though have traditionally been considered two separate continents, geologically they both lie on the same landmass or tectonic plate, the Eurasian Supercontinent. Despite this the idea of Europe and Asia as two separate, distinct Continents has been in vogue for centuries, more likely due to Euro-centric approach for geopolitical considerations. Eurasian landmass, covers a space of about 55 million sq km that contains 93 of present day countries (almost all of Asian countries including China and Russia, all European countries, Central Asian and some African countries) with a total population of around 4.7 billion people (almost 3/4 of the world’s total population – 60% in Asia and 12.5% in Europe). Future of rich energy resources of Eurasia and which way may these go? How would it affect the world, region and EU? There is so much happening almost every other day, that it’s hard to predict the future. With the typical information overload of the current age, one wonders which facts matter and which do not.
Key words
Eurasia, energy resources, information overload.
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 64-75
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THE TIPOLOGY OF RUSSIAN INTERNATIONAL INTERVENTION – THE GEORGIAN CASE

Liliana FILIP
National University of Political Science and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
Russian interventionism manifests itself in a broad number of shapes and forms, which are explained by the circumstances of international politics and generally speaking, dependent on Russia’s grand foreign policy. Therefore, I have taken the case of Russian intervention in Georgia to establish whether there is a specific typology and methods followed through by Russia when it decides to intervene outside its borders. Thus, through the motivation of international intervention, I will eventually identify, under the paradigm of the Copenhagen School, the many forms of Russian interventionism after the year 2000. The definition of Russian interventionism is achieved both through programmatic documents and by their implementation in various ways.
Key words
international intervention, hybrid warfare, revisionist foreign policy, responsibility to protect
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 76-80
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THE PARALELISM OF THE CONTEMPORARY-MEDIEVAL CHRISTIAN FANATICS AND THE SECURITY RISKS INDICATED BY THEIR OBJECTIVES

Cristian TRONCOTĂ*
Iulian DINULESCU*
* National Intelligence Academy "Mihai Viteazul", Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
Religious fanaticism has manifested itself in Christian religion amid the action of religious entities whose members have not accepted individuals who have not mastered their doctrines and fanatical goals. The phenomenon was identified only with a part of the Christian confession, indifferent of the rite: Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox. The roots of unaltered fanaticism over the past millennium are clear and edifying, in the sense that all fanatics believed to fulfill the will of divinity. They also thought it was their duty to modify society according to their own confession, demonstrating special violence to achieve their goals. The partial or total destabilization of the states in which they appeared and manifested was common, and the killing of thousands of people to set up communities or even theocrats became normal. In the following I intend to point out these references from the medieval - contemporary perspective and the measures of the authorities to prevent attacks on individual life and integrity and on national or international security.
Key words
religious fanatics, goals, Christianity, risks, medieval, contemporary
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 81-86
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HISTORY OF MANAGEMENT.THE CONTRIBUTION OF ROBERT McNAMARA TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCE

Dorel BADEA*
Maria CONSTANTINESCU**
Alexandru BABOŞ*
Dumitru IANCU*
*„Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, Romania
**The Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Braşov, Romania
Abstract
The idea of developing this theme by the team of authors from two prestigious institutions in the field of military higher education institutions mainly aims at demonstrating the necessity of carrying out general military management studies, emphasizing more eloquently, and on this line of approach, the managerial peculiarities of the military organization as a subsystem of the social system. In addition to the theoretical considerations that will base the choice of pioneering case study by Robert McNamara in the field of defense resource management, it is also highlighted, by developing previous authors’ ideas or recent references in the literature, the hypothesis that the army itself, institutionally speaking, has been an authentic model of managerial development.
Key words
anagement, planning, science, defense resources
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 87-91
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BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT, AN IMPORTANT AID IN OPTIMIZING ORGANIZATIONAL PROCESSES IN NATIONAL SECURITY INSTITUTIONS

Laurentiu Barcan, PhD

University of Craiova, Craiova, Romania
Abstract
Being required to conform to the large number of regulations, standards and requirements, information security should be considered a general problem of organization that requires involvement at the level of management and must involve all departments and activities of an organization, from professionals in the field to information to users. Creating a culture of security is essential to the organization through continuous education of staff, permanent collaboration with partners in a common approach to security issues, but also through customer awareness of information security risks.
Key words
Business Process Management, Business Process Execution Language, Intelligent information systems, National security
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 92-97
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FROM THE TRADITIONAL ORGANIZATION TO THE LEARNING ORGANIZATION

Elisabeta-Emilia HALMAGHI

„Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy, Sibiu, Romania
Abstract
At present we live in a world of organizations, and human society can be seen as a system of distinct organizational structures within which various human activities take place. Over time, organizations have evolved. From „organization” to „intelligent organization”, „network organization”, „democratic organization”, „knowledge-based organization” and „learning organization”. The success of organizations has begun to be given by the efficient use of talented employees. Although it is not a perfect organization and in organizations resistance to change prevails, more and more organizations tend to become „learning organizations” because they focus on lifelong learning, on creating, generating and transferring knowledge, as well as changing employee behavior.
Key words
organization, learning organization, lifelong learning, individual learning
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 98-103
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ANALYZING THE SPEECH EXPRESSIVENESS USING PROSODIC DYNAMIC CONTROL

Valentin Eugen Ghișa*
Lavinia Nicoleta Ghișa**
* Department of Automatics and Information Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, "Transylvania" University of Brasov, Brasov, Romania,
** Department of Regional Studios, Romanian Radio Broadcasting Co., Tg. Mures, Romania
Abstract
At the level of verbal communication, the prosodic support and emotional space is modelled as a nonlinear system described through some parameters extracted from the spectral model of vocal wave, respectively the outline of the fundamental frequency, the time and energy of sonorous segments, the duration of non-acoustic segments and breaks, the voice timbre etc. Through the discretised addressing of the spectral model, the aim is to optimise the prosodic characteristics extracted from local variations of the fundamental frequency, by a method of dynamic control.
Key words
dynamic control, prosody, message, communication
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 104-113
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THE MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS. PARTICULARITIES OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN HEALTH ORGANIZATIONS

Dr. Mihaela Barcan

*TB Hospital Leamna, Craiova, Romania
Abstract
TThe management of health services is highly complex and is in a process of continuous transformation, constituting not only the object of the medical and administrative staff concerns in the sanitary units and related institutions, but also a major priority on the political agenda of many countries. The concept of health management and manager is both a theoretical and a practical interest for the entire community benefiting from the services provided by health institutions.
Key words
management, human Resources, health organizations, public health system
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Journal of Defense Resources Management 9:1(2018): 114-117
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